Treatment for ED will depend on the underlying cause. You may need to use a combination of treatments, such as medication or speech therapy.


Your doctor may prescribe medication to help you manage ED symptoms. You may have to try several drugs before you find one that works. The following oral medications stimulate blood flow to your penis to help treat GPA

  • avanafil (Stendra)
  • sildenafil (Viagra)
  • tadalafil (Cialis)
  • vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn)

Alprostadil (Caverject, Edex, MUSE) is another medicine that can be used to treat ED. It can be administered in two ways: as a penile suppository or as self-injection at the base or side of the penis.

Testosterone therapy (TRT) may also be recommended if you have low testosterone levels.

Medications used for other conditions can cause ED. Talk to your doctor about your medications and whether they could cause your symptoms. There may be others you can get instead. Never stop taking medication without talking to your doctor first.

Medications for ED can cause side effects. If you experience unpleasant side effects, tell your doctor. They may be able to suggest a different drug. Get more information about the medicines used to treat ED.

Speech therapy

A number of psychological factors can cause IC, such as:

  • stress
  • concern
  • post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • depression

If you are experiencing psychological IC, you may benefit from speech therapy. In several sessions, you and your therapist will discuss:

  • major stress or stress factors
  • your feelings around sex
  • subconscious conflicts that could affect your sexual well-being

If ED is affecting your relationship, consider also talking to a relationship counselor. Relationship counseling can help both you and your partner emotionally reconnect, which can also help your ED. Explore the effects of stress and anxiety on Ed.

Vacuum pumps

This treatment uses the creation of a vacuum to stimulate erection. Blood enters the penis as the device is used, leading to an erection.

A vacuum pump device consists of several different elements:

  • a plastic tube, which you place over your penis
  • a pump, which works to create the vacuum by drawing air from the plastic pipe
  • a rubber ring, which you will move to the base of your penis as you remove the plastic tube

The elastic ring works to maintain an erection, retaining blood in the penis and preventing it from returning to circulation. It can remain in place for 30 minutes. Read more about vacuum pumps and how to use them.

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